The Gladiators of the Ocean

Xiphias gladius, otherwise known as the swordfish, is the only species of the Xiphiidae family. Often regarded as prized food and game fish, the swordfish is not currently an endangered species, however its population is declining. Around 2014, it was being overfished. Overfishing caused swordfish numbers to decline considerably since the 1980s and the population was 70% lower than what was considered sustainable (Oceana, conservation charity). However, as of 2019, the US has seen a decline in the total annual catch of swordfish, and it is no longer considered to be overfished.

As a meal, it provides an excellent source of selenium, a micronutrient that offers important cancer-fighting and heart health benefits. It is considered protein-rich and loaded with niacin which:

- Lowers LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol), is used to treat high cholesterol which can otherwise have negative impacts on the heart.

- Increases HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol).

- May reduce symptoms of Arthritis, and may help prevent heart disease.

It also contains vitamin B12, zinc and Omega-3.

In spite of its name, the sword-looking bill extending from the swordfish's snout is